White Spot ( Ich or Ick )

How to Treat Ich (Ichthyophthirius Multifilis) in Fish

Ich (Ichthyophthirius Multifilis) in betta fish can be a real problem especially if it is left unchecked.

Here is how to treat Ich (Ichthyophthirius Multifilis) in your fish so that it won’t spread and destroy the whole tank in the process.

The first thing that you have to do is to get an accurate diagnosis of the type of Ich that your fish is suffering from so that you can know the exact way to treat Ich (Ichthyophthirius Multifilis).

It is possible that you could be getting many different types of Ich.

If that’s the case, then it is recommended to take your fish to the vet, as they can do the proper diagnosis for Ich (Ichthyophthirius Multifilis).

The last thing you want is to end up wasting your time and money on treatments that don’t work.

There are many treatments that are available, but most of them only treat the symptoms of Ich (Ichthyophthirius Multifilis).

In order to really treat Ich (Ichthyophthirius Multifilis) you have to take into consideration what the real causes of this problem are.

There are usually a couple of things that will cause Ich (Ichthyophthirius Multifilis), such as diet, stress, and poor water quality.

When dealing with the symptoms of Ich (Ichthyophthirius Multifilis), the first thing that you need to do is to get the correct diagnosis.

This is the first step in determining what kind of treatment you have to use in your case.

One way of how to treat Ich (Ichthyophthirius Multifilis) in aquarium fish is to remove the affected part of the fish.

There are a lot of fish tanks that come with infected gill covers, which are not so difficult to remove, but can still cause the same problems that your fish is currently facing.

If you want to remove the infected part of the fish, it is a good idea to get it to the vet as soon as possible, as they may be able to determine a cure for the infected part of the fish.

Once you get the right diagnosis, you can then decide what type of treatment to use for the affected part of the fish.

Some of these treatments are quite simple and cheap to perform, while others will involve more expensive and more complicated processes that are not always available with cheaper methods.

One of the best ways to get rid of the Ich (Ichthyophthirius Multifilis) in your fish is to do the right type of feeding.

Feeding your fish something that contains very small pieces of food and keeping the water clean is the best way to kill off the bacteria that causes Ich (Ichthyophthirius Multifilis).

This bacteria will cause the bacteria to multiply rapidly and can easily spread across the entire tank and kill off the other fish.

You can also put some of your fish in a quarantine tank for a few days, before putting them back in the fish tank, so that they will have the proper conditions needed to grow and kill off the bacteria.

Another effective way to treat Ich (Ichthyophthirius Multifilis) in your fish is to make sure that the water is purified with an appropriate PH balance.

This is another common mistake that people make when dealing with Ich (Ichthyophthirius Multifilis), and there is a tendency to add too much water or too many chemicals to the water in order to raise the PH level.
If you do this, you are actually worsening the problem because the bacteria will have nowhere to grow or reproduce, and you are putting yourself and your fish at risk.

How To Treat Betta Fish Ich – The Truth About Ich

betta fish Ich Small white spots resembling sand

Betta fish are small tropical fish, and it’s quite easy to spot the small white spots on the surface of the water that look like sand. They have been referred to as “sand grains”, because they actually do look like grains of sand.

But what you might not know is that if you catch your betta fish Ich, you are actually doing him a big favor.

It’s possible for them to get an infection in their bodies, which could be fatal to them.

And by getting the infection before it gets to serious levels, you could save the life of your fish.

The biggest problem with fish Ich is that it’s hard to diagnose. The first thing you’ll probably notice is that your fish starts to act strange.

If you suspect that your fish has Ich, then you’ll need to take a look at his skin, because you should see tiny white grains of sand on its skin.

These are actually the dead skin cells from the Ich organism, and they will start to eat away at your fish.

This is when you need to quickly take your betta to the vet to be treated for the Ich. If left untreated, then your fish could die.

Also remember that if you find spots of Ich on your fish, then don’t worry too much. It’s easy to treat, and there are many things you can do to help your fish fight the infection. Some of these things include:

* First, treat your fish immediately, even if you think you’re not sure that the spot of Ich is indeed from your betta fish. The sooner you take care of this, the better it’s going to be for you. If you do treat it at the right time, then it will go away more quickly, leaving you and your fish feeling better and having a happier life.

* Always make sure that the spot of Ich is not from your fish – it could be anything, including: chemicals, food or bacteria. Make sure you change everything that your fish is eating – even water, so that it’s fresh and clean all the time.

Betta Fish Scrubs Against Rocks And Gravel

Betta fish will normally scrub its body against rocks, decor and gravel inside the aquarium when there is the evidence of Ich.  The Ich will latch to the gills and body of the Betta Fish and this is very itchy for the betta fish.

I’m in Your Betta Fish? Watch Out For These Signs

betta fish Ich In advanced stages fish become lethargic

As a pet owner, it is important to know the symptoms of Ich as these signs can give you an idea about Ich in your betta fish.

Ich in fish is a common condition that is caused due to the presence of parasite called Ich.

Parasites are known to cause many diseases and they have some major characteristics like white, yellow, or even black coloration and they grow on the body of the fish.

When Ich becomes severe, the fish can become lethargic and suffer from loss of appetite.

The symptoms include loss of appetite, depressed behavior, diarrhea and vomiting, as well as slow breathing and rapid heart beat.

Proper treatment of Ich may cause quick recovery. But in most cases the fish becomes lethargic and shows other Ich symptoms in later stages.

If you notice I’m in your betta fish, you should immediately quarantine your betta fish to a smaller tank with Methylene Blue and Some Sea salt.

You should also monitor the health condition of your fish regularly by taking a close look at its environment and feeding habits.

When your betta fish shows Ich symptoms, you should consider that he is suffering from Ich and bring him to the vet as soon as possible.

Antibiotics are available to treat Ich and they are usually safe to use on betta fish.

Antibiotics are available to treat Ich and they are usually safe to use on betta fish, but you should note that in some cases the bacteria might harm the internal organs of the fish.

Ich and Betta Fish – 3 Signs to Look For

betta fish Ich Redness or bloody streaks in advanced stages



Ich can often spread quickly and easily in the tank as the body gets congested with the bacteria that causes this particular disease.

If you notice your betta fish losing red blotches in its fins then this may be the sign of Ich.

Ich causes the fish’s scales to grow very thickly.

The fish will also start to lose the pigment in its fins which is also caused by the Ich infection.

Another type of illness that can affect your betta fish is Red.

If you notice red streaks on the skin of your fish, you should take it to the vet right away.

This condition is caused by a virus called Shigella which can be passed from one fish to another.

If you’re having difficulty keeping your betta fish alive, you may want to have your pet tested for Shigella to make sure that it isn’t something else causing your fish’s illness. If you are unsure, you should consider getting your fish tested for other illnesses as well.

Treating sickness in your betta fish is easy when you understand what to look for.

You should know how to test for these infections so that you can quickly and effectively treat them.

When you are at your aquarium store sometimes there are white spots on the fishes that they sell.

This is the most common disease that the tropical fishes carry which is also very easy to cure if it is diagnosed at an early stage.

Most of the time this white spot or ick is acquired by contamination of betta fish tank mates.

Be sure to check the tank mates to ensure that there are no white spots before purchasing it.

When you are adding any form of fish either a betta fish or any other fish be sure to acclimate.

Here is an informative article for you to understand fish acclimation.

Ick White Spot Causes

The white spot is a very common type of disease which is caused a by protozoan parasite.

It latches into the betta fish body, fins, and gills.

When you see it there are white spots on the fish, then it represents a small parasite per spot, this is very damaging to the fish.

If you see this in one of the fish then for sure everyone will be infected.

Normally when the betta fish is living in a cramped fish tank and poor water parameters, this will be most likely to contract this disease.

The whole betta fish tank needs to be treated for white spot ick.

You always have to have regular water changes and correct temperature so that this ailment would have contracted in the first place.

Ick White Spot Symptoms

The most obvious way to see if you betta fish has Ick white spots is very observing the betta fish when you are feeding him or her.

If there some white spot like tiny granules of salt or sugar attached to the body, fins or gills then they represent a parasite per white spot.

If there are too many of them then the betta fish had been suffering from the parasite and usually, the fins are clamped on the side and have difficulty in breathing.

You would have noticed too that the betta fish is constantly rubbing its body on the decors, plants, and objects inside the fish tank. The betta fish is trying to rub its body in an effort to dislodge the parasite that is attached to its body.

In some cases when you just ignore the case then the betta fish would lose its interest to eat.

If you leave it untreated there will be too many parasites feeding on the fish and there will also be a secondary fungal infection because of the wounds.

How to Remove Betta Fish Ich by Raise Water Temperature

remove fish ich by Raise water temperature

While it is possible to remove Betta fish Ich by raising the water temperature, the best way to do this is to use a saltwater aquarium heater.

The main reason is that fish Ich cannot survive in water that is too hot or too cold.

Fish often breed and lay eggs at temperatures that are too hot, which can kill them.

Even though fish do not need too much room to breathe, they still can overheat and die when they become too cold. This is why the best way to get rid of fish Ich by raising the water temperature is to install a heat exchanger.

Fish that are stressed from lack of sunlight can also overheat, so it is important to ensure that their environment is as clean as possible.

If you notice that your fish are always ill, then it might be a good idea to have a heater installed in your aquarium.

Fish that spend most of their time swimming should be kept in aquariums that are about 20 degrees below normal temperature.

When you want to remove fish from the tank to prevent it from being infected with Ich, simply open the water and put the fish back in the tank with the water filled to the top of the aquarium.

You can then add some water to the tank until the fish are comfortable again. After this, you can set up the heater again.

What you can do is to raise the temperature from 30 to 32 degrees celsius, the Ich will not be able to reproduce and eventually die off.

It is also possible to remove fish Ich by using salt baths to kill off the fish that have caught the infection. Salt is one of the best ways of removing the bacteria that causes Ich, and it is also one of the safest methods. Once you have washed your fish completely, you should use another method of removing Ich such as a heat exchanger or having a heater installed.

Remove Fish Ick in Three Easy Steps

remove fish ick by Perform water changes between treatments

There are also some things you can do to prevent your fish from getting fish ick.

By making sure to do regular water changes, you will not only kill the bacteria and other organisms that can cause the illness, but also keep it from ever coming back. Keeping your water clean will help you maintain healthy fish and prevent fish ick.

The best way to prevent your fish from being sick is by using the same medications you use to treat it when fish it is at its worst. It’s always best to start with a good dosage and then go from there. It’s important to know that the medications can take up to twenty-four hours for the medicine to work on the bacteria. Remember that the bacteria may continue to grow even after the medicine has stopped working.

Although it is difficult to prevent your fish from becoming sick, there are ways to help. By keeping the water clean and using the correct medications, you can help the fish recover fast. And, you will be glad you did when you find that you no longer have to worry about fish ick!

If your betta fish aquarium is a community tank then here are some of the recommendations on using the medicine via chemical treatment:

How to Treat Fish Ick Via Formaldehyde

treat fish ick via  formaldehyde

How to treat fish ick via formaldehyde is a question that you need to be fully aware of before taking any steps towards treating your fish illness via drugs. In the first instance, if you are unable to determine the cause of your fish’s back via formaldehyde, then you will be better off by treating your fish with a good fish tank filtration system.

How To Treat Fish in Via Copper Sulfate

If you are having trouble keeping the fish from biting, one of the most popular methods for treating fish it is to use a chemical like copper sulfate.

Copper sulfate is known as a “chemical that works by destroying the bacteria that live in the gills and causing them to collapse,” and it was originally used by aquarists in the late 1960’s in conjunction with copper hydroxide.

How to Treat Fish Ick Via Methylene Blue

treat fish ick via  methylene blue

The latest way of treating fish ick via methylene blue.

We’ll take a closer look at how methylene blue can be used to treat fish ick:

Ick White Spot Treatment

If you see that the betta fish has increasingly contracted a lot of white spots then you have to act fast or it will lead to rapid health deterioration.

If the betta fish is in a community tank then you have to presume that everyone inside the tank is also contaminated and need to be cured.

The parasite reproduces rapidly and has a life cycle of 7 days.

So we will be discussing the stages of the protozoa parasite.

Ick has three life stages, which is important for you to understand in helping how to eliminate this problem.

First Stage

When you the white spots on the body of the betta fish then this parasite is already fully grown trophont.

This trophont is buried under the mucous membrane of the betta fish and it is immune from any form of medication.

When you see the white spots to be a little bigger which is very visible then this had been feeding already for a few days which has swelled from its original size.

The parasite normally feeds for a few days and will turn into a cyst.

The cyst will eventually drop off from the fish as a tomont.

You will have noticed that the fish suddenly doesn’t seem to have the white spots on this stage.

Second Stage

The tomont will be swimming and it needs to attach to anything such as plant, decor, substrate, or glass.

When the tomont is swimming for several hours the medication will be very effective and if it is present in your fish tank then it can eliminate the parasite.

In case if the medicine did not work the tomont that is attached to the plant, decor, substrate or glass will begin the reproduction stage.

It will encyst and will be dividing. It this stage the parasite will be immune to any form of medicine or chemicals.

After a few days, hundreds of new organisms will be hatched from the cyst.

They will again be swimming and look for a host to feed.

Third Stage

At this stage wherein they are looking for a host is called thermonts or swarmers. Their job now is to find a new host or else they will die.

Sometimes it would be better to remove the betta fish and tank mates into another fish tank and just leave the infected fish tank for about two weeks without any fish or host.

Without any host to latch on then the thermonts or swarmers will eventually be eliminated from the tank.

With this in mind, the best solution is just to change 100% water on the tank to make sure that it is clean and sanitized.

But if you have treated it with medicine while the thermonts are looking for a host then this scenario will also work since they are vulnerable.

In case if you forgot to put the proper medicine in the tank and when the parasite latches again to a host and borrows deep then it will be immune to any form of medicine.

Problem is that every cycle of the parasite increases dramatically if it is left untreated. They will be hundreds more from the initial onset of infection.

The reproduction is exponential.

Treatment Protocol

The first stage where the parasite is called trophont on the fish which is buried under the mucous membrane of the fish cannot be eradicated since it is protected underneath the fish.

There are successful procedures that the trophont can be destroyed with salt baths.

There are also some tomonts ( stage 2 parasite ) which are latched usually at the bottom of the aquarium which is mixed up with the gravel.

The only way to kill the tomonts is to remove all the gravel and clean it by tap water and let it dry in direct sunlight.

Here are the methods of treatment.

Method 1

Medicine method. There is a lot of available medicine and the main ones are methylene blue, malachite green, formaldehyde.

There is specific medicine that is for Itch like Ickaway. There are so many of them but you have to look for the one that specifies ick or white spot disease.

Before registering any form of medicine. You have to run off your filter because the medicine will be useless with the activated carbon absorbing the medicine instead.

If you have an ultraviolet light, you have to turn it off too because it will render the effect of the medicine useless.

Method 2

Heating Method. This is the best method for your betta fish. Because they have a special organ which I have mentioned before called the Labyrinth which can enable them to breathe air on the surface.

If you use the heating method and if the fish is not equipped with Labyrinth organ, the fish will undergo tremendous stress and might not be able to survive.

The heating method is done by increasing the temperature of the water to 32 degrees Celsius or 89.6 degrees Fahrenheit. This temperature has to be maintained for around 4 to 5 days to make sure that it will destroy the parasite.

If you apply heat the life cycle of the parasite will speed up.

In case if the betta fish is inside a community fish tank then adding an air pump or aerator will be beneficial so that the fish will not undergo stress and the chances of survival will be better.

As I have mentioned that the betta splendens natural habitat is tropical climate and naturally with a heat of 32 degrees Celsius is no problem. It just that you have also make sure the other fish tank mates occupants will not be affected by the high heat by using an air pump aerator.

Method 3

Aquarium Salt. For sure the salt will eliminate the parasite.

White spot has different strains and not all parasites are the same. Some are easy to eliminate and some require more salt concentration.

A lot of aquarists are successful is just using the 3 grams per liter but to absolutely certain that everything is destroyed then the 5 grams per liter is the best suited.

Here is a conversion format to help you in figuring out how many grams of salt to put.

Aquarium Fish Tank
US GallonsLitersMeasurement LxDxHgrams of salt ( 5 grams per liter )
2.59.513 x 6 x 847.5
5.520.817 x 9 x 11104
10 (leader )37.920 x 11 x 13189.5
10 ( long )37.924 x 9 x 13189.5

This method again will kill some of your betta fish tank mates especially the livebearers’ species like guppies, mollies, platies, and swordtails.

This will also kill the live plant inside your betta fish tank.

To be on the safe side try only 3 grams per liter for seven days and hope that the white spot is gone and try to change the water every day about 25% for about 7 days until the water returns to its former parameters.

White Spot Ich Medicine Recommendation

White Spot Preventive Maintenance

Make sure to have regular 25% water changes to ensure that the water parameters are good.

When you buy plants and betta tank mates be sure that they are 100% free from the white spot.

Normally this parasite is present at very low levels and doesn’t cause any noticeable signs of a widespread invasion.

The fish caught in the wild habitat always carry s this white spot disease, it is just that the parasite doesn’t kill it hosts so that the cycle will repeat itself. If there are no fish in the wild then there will be no parasite.

In the wild, the parasite lives off the fish but doesn’t kill it so that it may survive many many cycles.

But in an aquarium ecosystem, the white spot normally gets out a hand and will eventually kill everything in the fish tank.